Australia’s Top Horticultural Commodities

Australian Gardening

Farmer with Australia's Top Horticultural Commodities

A Deep Dive into the Green Gold

Australia’s horticultural sector is a vibrant and vital part of the country’s economy, contributing significantly to food security and providing a wealth of employment opportunities. The sector is diverse, encompassing a wide range of fruits, vegetables, nuts, flowers, and ornamental plants. This blog post will explore some of Australia’s top horticultural commodities, drawing on insights from the Department of Agriculture and Fisheries (DAF) Queensland.

Understanding Horticulture in Australia

Horticulture in Australia is a dynamic and rapidly evolving sector. It is characterized by a high degree of innovation, with growers continually adopting new technologies and practices to increase productivity and sustainability. The sector is also highly export-oriented, with a significant proportion of its produce destined for overseas markets.

Australia’s Top Horticultural Commodities

Citrus Fruits

Citrus fruits, including oranges, mandarins, lemons, limes, and grapefruits, are one of Australia’s top horticultural commodities. The country’s warm, sunny climate is ideal for citrus cultivation, and Australian citrus fruits are renowned for their high quality and excellent flavor. The majority of Australia’s citrus production is concentrated in Queensland, New South Wales, and South Australia.

Apples and Pears

Apples and pears are another major horticultural commodity in Australia. The country produces a wide variety of apples and pears, with different regions specializing in different varieties. Tasmania, for example, is known for its high-quality apple production, while South Australia is a major producer of pears.

Stone Fruits

Stone fruits, including peaches, nectarines, plums, and cherries, are also an important part of Australia’s horticultural sector. These fruits are grown in several regions across the country, with Victoria and New South Wales being major producers.


Australia’s nut industry has seen significant growth in recent years, driven by increasing domestic and international demand. Almonds, macadamias, and walnuts are among the top nut commodities, with significant production in regions such as New South Wales, Queensland, and South Australia.


Australia produces a wide variety of vegetables, from leafy greens and root vegetables to legumes and nightshades. The country’s diverse climates and soils allow for the cultivation of a wide range of vegetable crops, contributing to the sector’s diversity and resilience.

Nursery and Garden Industry

The nursery and garden industry, which includes the production of ornamental plants, flowers, and landscaping materials, is a significant part of Australia’s horticultural sector. This industry contributes to urban greening efforts, enhances biodiversity, and provides a range of social and mental health benefits.

Australia’s horticultural sector is a green goldmine, producing a diverse range of high-quality commodities that contribute to the country’s economy, food security, and environmental sustainability. The sector’s success is a testament to the hard work and innovation of Australia’s growers, who continually strive to produce the best possible products in a sustainable and responsible manner. As we look to the future, the continued growth and development of Australia’s horticultural sector will be crucial in meeting the country’s food needs and contributing to global food security.